Spree::Payment model in Solidus tracks payments. A new payment is created
once the customer has submitted their payment details during checkout. Once a
state is marked as
completed, it counts against a
Payments relate to a specific
Spree::Order, as well as one of your available
Spree::PaymentMethods and a payment source (which could be a
Spree::StoreCredit or some other non-
Spree::Payment objects have the following attributes:
amount: The payment amount.
order_id: The ID for the associated
source_id: The model being used as the payment source and its ID. For example,
Spree::CreditCard. See the Payment sources article for more information.
payment_method_id: The ID for the associated
state: The payment's current state. See Payment states for more information.
response_code: A generalized response code or token sent by the payment service provider. You should configure this based on the payment service provider you are using. For example, this could be used to display a Stripe transaction token in case it needs to be referenced later on.
avs_response: The AVS response code sent by the payment service provider. See Response codes for more information.
number: A unique number to identify the current payment. See Payment identifiers for more information.
cvv_response_message: The CVV2 response sent by the payment service provider. See Response codes for more information.
Spree::Payment is created, a unique, eight-character identifier is
generated for the
number attribute. It should look something like this:
2EYGNY8D. This is used when sending the payment details to the [payment
While some payment service providers may not require a payment identifier, other services may require or recommend them. In the past, some services have erroneously reported duplicate payments when not recording a payment identifier.
Spree::Payments store AVS and CVV2 response codes that are sent back from the
payment service provider. These response codes help you classify payments as
risky, non-risky, or invalid. See
PayPal's list of AVS and CVV response
to learn more about what these codes mean.
state attribute changes before and after it is sent to
the payment service provider. Here is an explanation for each potential state:
Spree::Orderis not yet complete.
processing: The payment is being processed by the payment service provider. This is a temporary state intended to prevent the double-submission of a payment.
pending: The payment service provider has processed the payment, but the payment is not yet captured.
failed: The payment was rejected by the payment service provider.
invalid: The payment is invalid and needs to be reattempted.
void: The payment should not be counted against the order.
completed: The payment is completed.
Note that only payments in the
completed state count against the order total.
Spree::Payment model includes event methods you can use to transition from
state to state:
Solidus is an open source platform supported by the community. We encourage everyone using Solidus to contribute back to the documentation and the code.